Is the "Ay" Marker in Tagalog the Same as the English Verb "To be"?

One of the most common markers in the Tagalog language is ay. It may appear as if ay  is the equivalent of the English verb "to be", because, for example, the literal translation of a phrase like ako ay Pilipino is "I am  Filipino". However, in reality, far from being a verb, let alone the verb "to be", which doesn't really exist in Tagalog, the function of ay is simply to invert the order of a phrase, and in the example above ako ay Pilipino is merely the inverted form of Pilipino ako. In other words, because in Tagalog there is no such thing as the verb "to be", such phrases as "I am Italian", "she is beautiful" or "Mario is a doctor" in Tagalog have no verb and are literally rendered as "Italian I" ("Italiano ako"), "beautiful she" ("maganda siya") and "doctor Mario" ("doktor si Mario"). The "ay" marker simply switches the order of such phr

Adjectives in Tagalog

 An adjective describes a noun


Adjectives are words like beautiful, awesome and any other word that gives some information about the thing, the place, the person, the idea or the animal described by a noun.


In Tagalog there are adjectives that are formed by a root word+an affix (like maganda=beautiful) and adjectives that don't require an affix (like bobo=stupid).


Here is a list of affixes that are used to form compound adjectives


1 ma- having a certain quality

Example: maganda=beautiful


2. maka- having a certain inclination

Example: makalaman=fleshly


3. maka- having a certain ability

Example: makadurug-puso=having the ability to break one's heart


4. mala- being like

Example: malasibuyas=like an onion


5. mapag- having a certain habit

Example: mapagbiro=having the habit to joke


6. mapang~ mapan~ mapam~ one who does on a regular basis the thing described by the root word

Example: mapang-away= one who regularly engages in a quarrel


7. pala- one who is constantly doing the thing described by the root word

Example: palaisip=always thinking


8. pang-~ pan-~ pam- instrumental

Example: pampatibay=encouraging


9.-an~ han one who possesses the quality described by the root word to a large extent

Example: duguan=inclined to a large extent toward bloodshed


10. in- like the thing described by the root word

Example: sinampalok=like a tamarind


11. in/-hin one who easily catches the thing described by the root word

Example: lagnatin=one who easily catches the flu


12. ma- -in/-hin one who possesses the quality described by the root word to a large extent

Example: maawain=full of mercy

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