Is the "Ay" Marker in Tagalog the Same as the English Verb "To be"?

One of the most common markers in the Tagalog language is ay. It may appear as if ay  is the equivalent of the English verb "to be", because, for example, the literal translation of a phrase like ako ay Pilipino is "I am  Filipino". However, in reality, far from being a verb, let alone the verb "to be", which doesn't really exist in Tagalog, the function of ay is simply to invert the order of a phrase, and in the example above ako ay Pilipino is merely the inverted form of Pilipino ako. In other words, because in Tagalog there is no such thing as the verb "to be", such phrases as "I am Italian", "she is beautiful" or "Mario is a doctor" in Tagalog have no verb and are literally rendered as "Italian I" ("Italiano ako"), "beautiful she" ("maganda siya") and "doctor Mario" ("doktor si Mario"). The "ay" marker simply switches the order of such phr

Adverbs or "Pang-abay" in Tagalog

 An adverb (pang-abay) is a word that modifies a verb (pandiwa).


Adverbs tell the listener

How (paano) the action described by the verb is done: these are known as adverbs of manner (pamaraan)

When (kailan) the action takes place: these are known as adverbs of time (kapanahunan)

Where (saan) it takes place: adverbs of place (lugar)

Adverbs of manner


In Tagalog they are usually formed by placing nang before ma+root word


Example:


I run fast: tumatakbo ako nang mabilis


Adverbs of time


The most common Tagalog words that are used to talk about when a certain action takes place are:


Kanina earlier


Mamaya later


Ngayon now or today


Kahapon yesterday


Bukas tomorrow


Example:


Bukas pupunta ako sa dagat=tomorrow I'll go to the beach


Adverbs of place


Are used to talk about the place where the action occurs. They are usually formed by putting sa before the place.


Example


Nag-aaral ako sa bahay=I am studying at home


Pupunta ako sa beach=I am going to the beach

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