Filipino Body Language and the Importance of Non-verbal Communication with your Filipina

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 As you may have gathered, if you have been following my blog for a while, I can speak Tagalog, and I have even created a series of blog posts that touch on the subject of Tagalog grammar. Because I am interested in making my marriage with my Filipina not only work but actually thrive, I have been taking the study of the Filipino language and culture very seriously since I entered this relationship back in 2000. Now I am at a point where my wife and I can quickly and easily switch from Italian and English to Tagalog. Yet, being able to communicate verbally is just a tiny part of the equation of effective communication. Many experts talk about the idea that around 93% of human communication occurs through non-verbal cues and only the remaining 7% is accomplished through words. When I look at this issue through this lens I realize that my efforts to master the Filipino culture and language count for very little if I don't work on improving my non-verbal communication. So in this post

Affixes in Tagalog

Tagalog is one of the major languages spoken in the Philippines.

It is spoken in Metro Manila and in its neighboring provinces, like Batangas, Laguna, Cavite, Bulacan and others.

A National Park in the province of Bulacan, one of the Tagalog speaking provinces of the Philippines

Tagalog is an Austronesian language, a language family comprising languages spoken in the Malay Peninsula, in South East Asia, in Taiwan, in the islands of the Pacific Ocean and in Magadascar.

Agglutination

Tagalog, like most Austronesian languages, is an agglutinative language.

An agglutinative language is characterized by words that are made up of different morphems (morpema in Tagalog), a morphem being the smallest part of a word having a meaning of its own (like, for example, the English word doable: if I separate the two morphems, do and able each of them has a meaning of its own and can stand on its own)

Agglutination in Tagalog: Root Words and Affixes

Generally words in Tagalog are formed by combining a "salitang ugat" or "root word" with one or more "panlapi" or affixes.

There are three types of affixes in Tagalog: 

  1. Unlapi or prefix
  2. Gitlapi or infix
  3. Hulapi or suffix

"Unlapi" or "Prefix"

For example, I could combine the "root word" talino, which conveys the idea of "intelligence", with the affix ma to form the adjective ("pang-uri") matalino (intelligent).

In this case the "affix" or "panlapi" is called "prefix" or "unlapi", because it occurs before the "root word"

"Prefixes" can also be used to form verbs, like, for example, the verb magbasa (to read) and nouns like inapo or katrabaho, kaibigan etc.

"Gitlapi" or "Infix"

The "gitlapi" is an affix that goes in between the root word.

A typical example is the verb "kumain" (to eat), where the "um" affix goes between the first consonant and the first vowel of the root word "kain"

"Hulapi" or "Suffix"

The "hulapi" occurs at the end of the root word. A typical example are the -in verbs like "basahin" (to read) or such nouns as "aklatan" (library).

The challenging thing in Tagalog is that there are way too many affixes.

I have glossed over the concept of focus in Tagalog and the various affixes in my post http://www.filipitaly.com/2020/08/the-tagalog-language.html.

However in the coming posts I'll cover the various affixes in more detail.


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