Trabaho at Magkano ang Sahod sa Italya

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Sumusulat ako ng post na ito batay sa aking kaalaman bilang Italyanong asawa ng isang Pinay OFW na may maraming Pinoy na kaibigan dito. Sa kabila ng matinding krisis sa ekonomya dito sa Italy, karamihan ng mga Pinoy na kaibigan ko ay may trabaho at may disyenteng buhay.  Sabihin natin na dito sa Italya ang sahod ay medyo mababa kumpara sa mga bansa ng hilagang Europe at ang sahod ng maraming mga Pinoy na nagtratrabaho bilang katulong ay hindi lumalampas sa 7€ per oras. Mayroon tatlong pangunahing mga paraan dito sa Italy para magtrabaho sa domestic sector: Live-in Lungo orario (mahabang oras sa iba't ibang amo o sa isa na lang) Part-time (4-5 oras sa isa o mahigit sa isang amo) LIVE-IN WORK Dahil sa mahirap nang asahan na ang sahod per oras ay lumalampas ng 7€ (at mayroon din pagkakataon na ang sweldo ay nasa 5€ na lang) tiyak na ang pinakamagandang situwasyon para sa isang pamilyang Pinoy na may anak at na may kamag-anak sa Pilipinas na umaasa sa tulong ay kung libre ang bahay, ib

Nouns in Tagalog and "Panlaping Makangalan"

As I said in my previous post about "affixes" in Tagalog, depending on the affix that you stick to the "root word" you can turn a root-word into an adjective, a verb or a noun.

In Tagalog there are nouns that don't need an affix, such as, for example:

Silya

Mesa

Aparador

Palengke

Kotse

Other nouns are formed by sticking one or more "panlaping makangalan" or "noun affixes".

Here is a list of the most common "panlaping makangalan"

NOUN AFFIXES OR PANLAPING MAKANGALAN

ka-indicating a companion or colleague

ex kainuman:drinking buddy, katrabaho: work colleague

ka-....-an or ka-...-han: collective or abstract noun.
Example: kagandahan=beauty, kaalaman=knowledge, kaunawaan=insight

Pan-: denoting instrumental use of the noun.
Example: pantulong=aid

"-an" and "-han"

1. A place where you can find many of the things described by the root word.

Example: aklatan (a place with many aklat or books=library), bigasan=rice shop

2. Place where the action described by the root word takes place
Example: aralan (place where the aral or lesson takes place), lutuan (place where luto or cooking is made), laruan, labahan

3. time in which the action indicated by the root word takes place to a large extent
Example: pistahan=time for celebration, anihan=harvesting time

4. actions done for revenge
Example: barilan=shooting, suntukan=punching

5. something numerous or very large
Example: duguan=bloodshed

"in or hin"

1. relationship
Example: tiyuhin=uncle, inapo=offspring

2. something that has the same shape as the thing defined by the root-word
Example: sinampalok=something having the shape of sampalok or tamarind

"ka"

1. part of a group
Example: kabayan=fellow countryman

2. relationship
Example: kalaro=fellow player

"kaan"

1. group of things described by the root word
Example: kabahayan=group of houses

2. the climax of a situation
Example: kainitan=under the sun, in a very hot environment

"mag"

1. family relationship
Example: mag-ama=father and son

2. mag- + repetition of the first syllable of the root word=profession
Example: manggagamot=someone who works in the field of medicine

"tag"

1. season
Example: tag-ulan=rainy season

"taga"

1. one who does the job indicated by the root word
Example: tagalinis=cleaner

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