Ang Wikang Italyano para sa mga Pilipino - Bahagi 3: mga Regular at di-Regular na Pandiwa

Image
"io dormo" ="ako ay natutulog"....kasama ng aso ko....sana hindi ako kagatin.... Ang mahirap tungkol sa wikang Italyano ay na mayroon maraming di-regular na mga berbo o pandiwa. Ang mahirap ay na may malaking pagkakaiba sa pagitan ng "base form" at ang "conjugated form". Sa Tagalog wala gaanong pagkakaiba: halimbawa ang "base form" ng pandiwang "pumunta" ay nagiging "pumunta", "pumupunta" at "pupunta". Pero ang katumbas na pandiwang Italyanong "andare", kapag ginagawa ang conjugation, ay nagiging: Io vado = ako ay pumupunta Tu vai = ikaw ay pumupunta Lui/lei va = siya ay pumupunta Noi andiamo = kami o tayo ay pumupunta Voi andate = kayo ay pumupunta Loro vanno = sila ay pumupunta Isip-isipin ninyo: ang "andare" ay nagiging "vado", "vai", "va" etc. Paano pwedeng matuto ng mga iyan? Wala ibang solusyon kundi matutuhan ang pangunahing mga berbo at isa

Nouns in Tagalog and "Panlaping Makangalan"

As I said in my previous post about "affixes" in Tagalog, depending on the affix that you stick to the "root word" you can turn a root-word into an adjective, a verb or a noun.

In Tagalog there are nouns that don't need an affix, such as, for example:

Silya

Mesa

Aparador

Palengke

Kotse

Other nouns are formed by sticking one or more "panlaping makangalan" or "noun affixes".

Here is a list of the most common "panlaping makangalan"

NOUN AFFIXES OR PANLAPING MAKANGALAN

ka-indicating a companion or colleague

ex kainuman:drinking buddy, katrabaho: work colleague

ka-....-an or ka-...-han: collective or abstract noun.
Example: kagandahan=beauty, kaalaman=knowledge, kaunawaan=insight

Pan-: denoting instrumental use of the noun.
Example: pantulong=aid

"-an" and "-han"

1. A place where you can find many of the things described by the root word.

Example: aklatan (a place with many aklat or books=library), bigasan=rice shop

2. Place where the action described by the root word takes place
Example: aralan (place where the aral or lesson takes place), lutuan (place where luto or cooking is made), laruan, labahan

3. time in which the action indicated by the root word takes place to a large extent
Example: pistahan=time for celebration, anihan=harvesting time

4. actions done for revenge
Example: barilan=shooting, suntukan=punching

5. something numerous or very large
Example: duguan=bloodshed

"in or hin"

1. relationship
Example: tiyuhin=uncle, inapo=offspring

2. something that has the same shape as the thing defined by the root-word
Example: sinampalok=something having the shape of sampalok or tamarind

"ka"

1. part of a group
Example: kabayan=fellow countryman

2. relationship
Example: kalaro=fellow player

"kaan"

1. group of things described by the root word
Example: kabahayan=group of houses

2. the climax of a situation
Example: kainitan=under the sun, in a very hot environment

"mag"

1. family relationship
Example: mag-ama=father and son

2. mag- + repetition of the first syllable of the root word=profession
Example: manggagamot=someone who works in the field of medicine

"tag"

1. season
Example: tag-ulan=rainy season

"taga"

1. one who does the job indicated by the root word
Example: tagalinis=cleaner

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

Salitang Ugat at Panlapi sa Wikang Tagalog

Mga Pangngalan at mga Panlaping Maka-ngalan sa Wikang Tagalog

"Isang Kahig Isang Tuka"