Ang Wikang Italyano para sa mga Pilipino - Bahagi 3: mga Regular at di-Regular na Pandiwa

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"io dormo" ="ako ay natutulog"....kasama ng aso ko....sana hindi ako kagatin.... Ang mahirap tungkol sa wikang Italyano ay na mayroon maraming di-regular na mga berbo o pandiwa. Ang mahirap ay na may malaking pagkakaiba sa pagitan ng "base form" at ang "conjugated form". Sa Tagalog wala gaanong pagkakaiba: halimbawa ang "base form" ng pandiwang "pumunta" ay nagiging "pumunta", "pumupunta" at "pupunta". Pero ang katumbas na pandiwang Italyanong "andare", kapag ginagawa ang conjugation, ay nagiging: Io vado = ako ay pumupunta Tu vai = ikaw ay pumupunta Lui/lei va = siya ay pumupunta Noi andiamo = kami o tayo ay pumupunta Voi andate = kayo ay pumupunta Loro vanno = sila ay pumupunta Isip-isipin ninyo: ang "andare" ay nagiging "vado", "vai", "va" etc. Paano pwedeng matuto ng mga iyan? Wala ibang solusyon kundi matutuhan ang pangunahing mga berbo at isa

Italian for Filipinos (and Foreigners in General)

L'Italia รจ un bel paese (Italy is a beautiful country)


Here in Italy we have a population of over 300,000 Filipinos.

What makes communication difficult between Italian employers and their Filipino domestic helpers is the language barrier, as few Italians, including highly educated ones, are fluent in English and Filipinos (who, generally speaking are rather fluent in English) really struggle to learn Italian.

I have published a few posts, both in Tagalog and in English, about Tagalog (for the benefit of foreign expatriates in the Philippines, Western husbands of Filipinas or Filipinos who want to learn their own language in a more systematic way).

I also have a post about the Tagalog grammar written in Italian (which I haven't completed yet).

In this post I will attempt to introduce the Italian language to Filipinos (or other foreign expatriates) who live here or are planning to come here.

Italian is a very tricky language, very very tricky.

One of the things that make Italian rather hard is the fact that nouns, pronouns, articles, adjectives or even verbs can be masculine, feminine, singular or plural.

Here are few examples:

In a sentence like:

Il (article) professore (noun) ha raccontato (verb) che quando lui (pronoun) era giovane (adjective) era bello (adjective) e mentre lo raccontava io ridevo

(The prof told us that when he was young he was beautiful and while he was telling us that I was laughing)

I can switch the whole thing to the feminine gender:

La (feminine definite article) professoressa (feminine noun) ha raccontato che quando lei (feminine pronoun) era giovane era bella (feminine adjective) e mentre lo raccontava Maria rideva

The prof (feminine) told us that when she was young she was beautiful and when she was telling us that Maria was laughing (the masculine verb ridevO becomes ridevA)

All of that can be switched to the plural gender:

I professori hanno raccontato che quando loro erano giovani erano belli e mentre lo raccontavano i ragazzi ridevano

Le professoresse hanno raccontato che quando esse erano giovani erano belle e mentre lo raccontavano le ragazze ridevano (in the plural number the verb doesn't change).

It takes months to talk about the Italian grammar in a complete and systematic way. Here I will just be glossing over a couple of things.

DEFINITE ARTICLES

MASCULINE (SINGULAR)

il, l', lo

Examples:

Il ๐Ÿ• cane

Il ๐Ÿˆ gatto

L'uccello (the bird)

Lo squalo (the shark)

MASCULINE (PLURAL)

gli, i

Gli uccelli

I cani

I gatti

FEMININE (SINGULAR)

La, l'

La gatta

La cagnolina

L'edera (ivy)

FEMININE (PLURAL)

Le

Le gatte

Le cagnette

Le rose

Etc.

INDEFINITE ARTICLES

Un, uno (masculine) una, un' (feminine)

Un ๐Ÿˆ gatto

Un ๐Ÿ• cane

Uno squalo

Una gatta

Un'incredibile storia (an incredible story: here the noun story is feminine).


NOUNS

Nouns can be both feminine and masculine or only feminine or masculine.

For example the Italian word for "machine" is feminine and it's "macchina. There is no masculine counterpart like macchinO, but you could use the affix ONE to turn the word into a masculine but, in this case it is as if I were using the adjective"big". In fact the masculine noun "macchinONE" means big machine or, more precisely, car.

The word "๐ŸŒฒ albero" is only masculine

Words like professor, teacher and others can be switched from masculine to feminine:

MASCULINE: professore, maestro

FEMININE: professoressa, maestra

In English all you have to do to form the plural is to add an "s" to the noun.

In Italian nouns end with a vowel and you have to use a different vowel to form the plural

Examples (singular/plural):

Gatto/gatti

Cane/cani

Professoressa/professoresse

Tenda (courtain)/tende


This is it for now.

If someone is interested I might consider publishing more articles about Italian for immigrants in future posts.



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